Matrix
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Matrices are one of the most powerful features of MTA OOP. We did have a presence of Matrices before with getElementMatrix, but we were given an ugly disgusting table to play with. Now, with the new Matrix class, we can make and magically manipulate Matrices.
Methods
create
This is default constructor for the Matrix class and returns a Matrix object. You can instantiate a Matrix object in several ways, as described below.
matrix Matrix ( Vector3 position[, Vector3 rotation] )
- position: The position vector of the matrix
- rotation: The rotation vector of the matrix
matrix Matrix ( Matrix matrixToClone )
- matrixToClone: A matrix you want to make a clone of
matrix Matrix()
- You can call this method without parameters to initialize a zero matrix
transformPosition
This method transforms a given position vector using the Matrix.
Vector3 Matrix:transformPosition ( Vector3 position )
- position: The position vector you want to transform
Example
This example teleports a random player to a location 5 meters in front of him
local player = getRandomPlayer() local desiredRelativePosition = Vector3(0, 5, 0) -- 5 meters front of player is a y = 5 vector local matrix = player.matrix local newPosition = matrix:transformPosition(desiredRelativePosition) player.position = newPosition
getPosition
This method returns the position vector of a given matrix.
Vector3 Matrix:getPosition()
Example
This example prints the position of a random player.
local player = getRandomPlayer() local matrix = player.matrix local position = matrix:getPosition() outputChatBox("x: " .. position:getX() .. ", y: " .. position:getY() .. ", z:" .. position:getZ())
getRotation
This method returns the rotation vector of a given matrix.
Vector3 Matrix:getRotation()
Example
This example prints the rotation of a random player.
local player = getRandomPlayer() local matrix = player.matrix local rotation = matrix:getRotation() outputChatBox("rx: " .. rotation:getX() .. ", ry: " .. rotation:getY() .. ", rz:" .. rotation:getZ())
getForward
This method returns the forward vector of a given matrix
Vector3 Matrix:getForward()
Example
This example prints the forward vector of a random player.
local player = getRandomPlayer() local matrix = player.matrix local vector = matrix:getForward() outputChatBox("X: " .. vector:getX() .. ", Y: " .. vector:getY() .. ", Z:" .. vector:getZ())
getRight
This example prints the right vector of a random player.
local player = getRandomPlayer() local matrix = player.matrix local vector = matrix:getRight() outputChatBox("X: " .. vector:getX() .. ", Y: " .. vector:getY() .. ", Z:" .. vector:getZ())
getUp
This example prints the upper vector of a random player.
local player = getRandomPlayer() local matrix = player.matrix local vector = matrix:getUp() outputChatBox("X: " .. vector:getX() .. ", Y: " .. vector:getY() .. ", Z:" .. vector:getZ())
Using Matrices
Say you wanted to create a bin - object 1337 - two units in front of a player. You don't want to manually do trigonometry and you don't want to play with the complicated tables. You just want to get the position two units in front of the player whilst taking into account the rotation of the player. You only need to use Matrix.getForward, Matrix.getPosition and getElementMatrix. It's just:
Object ( 1337, player.matrix.position + player.matrix.forward * 2 )
If you wanted the opposite of matrix.forward you'll still use matrix.forward but you minus it instead of matrix.backward which doesn't exist. Same applies with matrix.right and matrix.up. To make the bin object appear behind a player:
Object ( 1337, player.matrix.position - player.matrix.forward * 2 )
Why not stick to the good ol' tables?
Say you'd like to get find the position underneath a vehicle. This is the position at any rotation. So if it was upside down, the Z value would be higher than the vehicle Z value. If the vehicle was the right way round, the Z value for underneath car would be less than the Z value for the car.
-- -- Instead of: -- local matrix = getElementMatrix(vehicle) local offX = 0 * matrix[1][1] + 0 * matrix[2][1] - 1 * matrix[3][1] + matrix[4][1] local offY = 0 * matrix[1][2] + 0 * matrix[2][2] - 1 * matrix[3][2] + matrix[4][2] local offZ = 0 * matrix[1][3] + 0 * matrix[2][3] - 1 * matrix[3][3] + matrix[4][3] local pX, pY, pZ = getElementPosition(vehicle) local positionBelow = {offX-pX, offY-pY, offZ-pZ} -- -- You only have to do: -- local positionBelow = vehicle.position - vehicle.matrix.up